The influence of the alloying of the auger by the chromium on its wear during dehydration process of municipal solid waste in the garbage truck

  • O.V. Bereziuk Vinnitsa National Technical University
  • V.I. Savulyak Vinnitsa National Technical University
  • V.O. Kharzhevskyi Khmelnitskyi National University
Keywords: wear, chromium content, auger press, garbage truck, dehydration, solid waste, regression analysis.

Abstract

The article is dedicated to the study of the influence of the alloying of the auger by the chromium on its wear during dehydration of solid waste in the garbage truck. Using the method of regression analysis, the hyperbolical dependencies of auger wear depending on the chromium content in its hardened steel for different values of the friction path are determined. Graphical dependences of augur wear depending on the chromium content in its hardened material as a function ​​of the friction path are made up, and it confirms sufficient convergence of the obtained dependencies. Carried out additional regression analysis allowed to determine that that during two weeks of operation of the auger during dehydration of solid waste in the garbage truck increasing of the chromium content in its hardened material from 0.25% to 12% reducing the speed of the wearing and energy consumption of solid waste dehydration from 12.2% to 3.1%, and, consequently, to reduce the cost of the process of their dehydration in the garbage truck. It is shown the graphical dependence of the reduction of energy consumption of dehydration of solid household waste by the hardened auger due to its alloying by the chromium. It was established the expediency of further research to determine the rational content and structural state of the material of the auger and the ways to increase its wear resistance.

References

1. Kindrachuk M.V., Kutsova V.Z., Kovzel M.A., Hrebeneva A.V., Danylov A.P., Khlevna Yu.L. (2014) Tribotechnical properties of high chromium alloys are in the cast stay and after heat treatment. Problems of Tribology, 64(2), 58-63.
2. Dykha O.V. (2018) Rozrakhunkovo-eksperymentalni metody keruvannya protsesamy hranychnoho zmashchuvannya tekhnichnykh trybosystem: monohrafiya. [Computational and experimental methods for controlling the processes of maximum lubrication oftechnical tribosystems: a monograph.] Khmelnytsʹkyi: KHNU.
3. Kaplun V.H., Honchar V.A, Matviishin P.V (2013) Pidvyshchennya znosostiykosti shneka ta ekstrudera pry vyhotovlenni kormiv dlya tvaryn iz domishkamy mineralnoho saponitu. [Improving the wear resistance of the auger and extruder cylinder in the manufacture of animal feed with impurities of the mineral saponite]. Visnyk of Khmelnytsky National University, 5, 7-11.
4. Dvoruk V.I. Vplyv lehuvannia khromom konstruktsiinoi stali na yii abrazyvnu znosostiikist pislia vysokotemperaturnoi termomekhanichnoi obrobky (VTMO) (2014). Problems of Tribology. 73. №. 3. S. 59- 65
5. Cymbal B.M. (2017) Pidvyshchennya znosostiykosti shnekovykh ekstruderiv dlya vyrobnytstva palyvnykh bryketiv u kyslotnykh ta luzhnykh seredovyshchakh [Increasing the wear resistance of auger extruders for the production of fuel briquettes in acidic and alkaline environments]: abstract dis. … cand. tech. sciences: 05.02.04 – Friction and wear in machines, Kharkiv, 20.
6. Hevko R.B., Zalutskyi S.Z., Hladyo Y.B., Tkachenko I.G., Lyashuk O.L., Pavlova O.M., ... & Dobizha N.V. (2019). Determination of interaction parameters and grain material flow motion on screw conveyor elastic section surface. INMATEH-Agricultural Engineering, 57(1).
7. Zhachkin S.Y., Trifonov G.I. (2017) Vplyv plazmovoho napylennya kompozytsiynykh poroshkovykh materialiv na znosostiykistʹ detaley mashyn [Influence of plasma spraying of composite powder materials on the wear resistance of machine parts]. Master's Journal, № 1, 30-36.
8. Orisaleye J.I., Ojolo S.J., Ajiboye J. S. (2019) Pressure build-up and wear analysis of tapered screw extruder biomass briquetting machines. Agricultural Engineering International: CIGR Journal, 21(1), 122-133.
9. Eremenko O.I., Vasilenkov V.E., Rudenko D.T. (2020) Doslidzhennya protsesu bryketuvannya biomasy shnekovym mekhanizmom [Investigation of the process of biomass briquetting by auger mechanism]. Inzheneriya pryrodokorystuvannya, 3 (17), 15-22.
10. Demirci A., Teke I., Polychronopoulos N. D., Vlachopoulos J. (2021) The Role of Calender Gap in Barrel and Screw Wear in Counterrotating Twin Screw Extruders. Polymers, 13(7), 990.
11. Tataryants M.C., Zavynskyy C.S., Troshyn A.D. (2015). Rozrobka metodyky rozrakhunku navantazhenʹ na shnek i enerhovytrat shnekovykh presiv [Development of a method for calculating auger loads and energy consumption of auger presses]. ScienceRise, 6 (2), 80-84.
12. Berezyuk O.V. (2018) Eksperymentalʹne doslidzhennya protsesiv znevodnennya tverdykh pobutovykh vidkhodiv shnekovym presom [Experimental study of solid waste dehydration processes by auger press]. Visnyk Vinnytsʹkoho politekhnichnoho instytutu, № 5, 18-2413.
13. Bereziuk O.V., Savulyak V.I., Kharzhevskyi V.O. (2021) The influence of auger wear on the parameters of the dehydration process of solid waste in the garbage truck. Problems of Tribology, No 26(2/100), 79-86.
14. Bereziuk O.V., Savulyak V.I., Kharzhevskyi V.O., Osadchuk A.A. (2021) Research of the impact of carbon content in the auger material on its wear during dehydration in the solid waste garbage truck through regression analysis. –. – No 26(4/102). – P. 12-19.
15. Chatterjee S., Hadi A.S. (2015) Regression analysis by example. John Wiley & Sons.
Published
2022-03-28
How to Cite
Bereziuk, O., Savulyak, V., & Kharzhevskyi, V. (2022). The influence of the alloying of the auger by the chromium on its wear during dehydration process of municipal solid waste in the garbage truck. Problems of Tribology, 27(1/103), 50-57. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.31891/2079-1372-2022-103-1-50-57
Section
Articles