Influence of heat treatment on tribocorrosion properties of Ni-B composite coatings

  • M. Khoma Karpenko Physico-Mechanical Institute of NAS of Ukraine
  • R. Mardarevych Karpenko Physico-Mechanical Institute of NAS of Ukraine
  • V. Vynar Karpenko Physico-Mechanical Institute of NAS of Ukraine
  • Сh. Vasyliv Karpenko Physico-Mechanical Institute of NAS of Ukraine
  • Yu. Kovalchyk Lviv National Agrarian University
Keywords: composition electrochemical coating, low temperature thermal treatment, tribocorrosion, friction coefficient.


Various surface protection technologies, in particular, electrochemical, are used to increase the wear and corrosion resistance of steels and alloys. Composite electrochemical coatings (CEC) technology is more promising than "pure" galvanic coatings. Application of CEC increases the wear, corrosion and fatigue failure resistance of metals. Nickel often is chosen as a CEC matrix because it easily forms uniformly filled defect-free composite structures with many particles of the dispersed phase (DP).

Physical and mechanical properties of metal coatings determine practical application of such composition. The characteristics of nickel-based CEC are: high hardness and strength, significant corrosion resistance in atmospheric environment, as well as in alkali and mild acidy environments. An effective composition coating with tribological designation can be CEC Ni-B, received in the process of electrolysis from suspension of amorphous boron in nickel electrolyte. A new composite structure of matrix filled type Ni-Ni3B is formed after heat treatment. Composition and structure of coating is determined by regimes of diffusion annealing. Ni-B coatings increase wear resistance of steel in chlorine-based environments. The influence of low-temperature thermal treatment of Ni-B CEC on steel 09Mn2Si on their tribocorrosion behavior is investigated. It is shown that the structural factor has a decisive influence on the efficiency of such friction pairs. The CEC has the least wear and the most positive compromise electrode potential after vacuum annealing at 450°C, when the initial stage of solid-phase interaction of coating components with the formation of Ni-Ni3B occurs.


1. Fedorchenko I. M., Guslienko Yu. A., Luchka M. V. Chemical-thermal treatment of metals and alloys with electrochemical coatings // Protective coatings on metals. - 1981. - Issue. 15. - p. 24–27.
2. A. Mazurek, W. Bartoszek, G. Cieślak, A. Gajewska-Midziałek, D. Oleszak , M. Trzaska Influence of heat treatment on properties of Ni-B/B composite coatings .Arch. Metall. Mater.- 65.- 2020.- 2.-P. 839-844. DOI: 10.24425/amm.2020.132829
3. E. Ünal, A. Yaşar and İ. H. Karahan A review of electrodeposited composite coatings with Ni–B alloy matrix // Materials Research Express.- 2019.- Vol. 6, No 9.
4. Mardarevych R. S., Dalisov V. B., Guslienko Yu. A. Influence of the structure of composite electrochemical coatings on the strength of carbon steel / / Protective coatings on metals - 1986. - Issue 20.–p. 80-83.
5. R. Oriňáková, K. Rošáková, A. Orinak, M. Kupková Electrodeposition of composite Ni–B coatings in a stirred heterogeneous system//Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry.- 2011.-15(6).-P.1159-1168. DOI:10.1007/s10008-010-1177-7
6. Khaldeev GV, Koskov VD, Yagodkina LM Structure and corrosion-mechanical properties of nickel-boron composite coatings // Protection of metals. - 1982. - Issue. XVIII, No. 5. - P. 719-724.
7. Formation of composite boride coatings under conditions of low-temperature annealing of an electrolytic deposit / I. M. Fedorchenko, Yu. A. Guslienko, T. N. Tikhonovich, A. A. Agarkov // Powder metallurgy. - 1985. -№4. - P. 29–31.
8. Mardarevych R.S., Chervinska N.R., Vynar V. A. Influence of heat treatment regimes of composite coatings of Ni-B system on their electrochemical properties // Scientific Bulletin of the Chernivtsi University. Issue 401: Chemistry.– Chernivtsi, 2008. – p.102-104.
9. B 252-87 (1999) e1. Standart Guide for Preparation of Aluminium Alloys for Electroplating. Book of Standart Volume: 02.05.
10. Mardarevich R.S. Investigation of the process of electroplating of composite coatings in the nickel-boron system // Bulletin of the National Technical University "KhPI". -2005. -No.15. – P.107-110.
11. Smyslov E.F. Ratios for determining block sizes and microdistortion values in the X-ray approximation method // Apparatus and methods of X-ray analysis. – 1983.–Issue 29.–p.75-78.
12. Pokhmurskii V., Mardarevych R., Wielage B., Pokhmurska H., Wank A. Structure-phase transformation in electrochemical boron containing coatings by thermal treatment // Tagungsband zum 8. Werkstofftechnischen Kolloquium. Chemnitz. -2005. – Band 22. – P. 33-40
How to Cite
Khoma, M., Mardarevych, R., Vynar, V., VasylivС., & Kovalchyk, Y. (2022). Influence of heat treatment on tribocorrosion properties of Ni-B composite coatings. Problems of Tribology, 27(1/103), 34-40.

Most read articles by the same author(s)