Nitriding in a cyclically switched glow discharge


  • M.S. Stechyshyn Khmelnitskyi National University
  • O.V. Dykha Khmelnytskyi National University
  • V.P. Oleksandrenko Khmelnytskyi National University
  • N.M. Stechyshyna WU (Vienna University of Economics and Business)



nitriding, glow discharge, cyclic switching, discharge power, waveform, nitride layer depth


The paper shows the prospects of nitriding in a cyclically switched discharge, the classification of nitriding processes in a glow discharge according to the criteria of the characteristics of the power source is given. A comparison of the advantages and disadvantages of nitriding processes with constant and cyclically switched discharge is given.From a theoretical point of view, the process of nitriding in a cyclically switched glow discharge  is considered based on the concept of an energy model. In accordance with this model, tasks for further theoretical and experimental research are formulated. It is shown that the process of surface modification in a cyclically switched discharge opens up new possibilities associated with variants of the CSD itself, which is characterized by: frequency, period and pulse shape. The implementation of the process of adjusting the switching frequency, pitch - the ratio of the cycle period to the duration of the signal, and the shape of the signal itself opens up wide opportunities to significantly influence the results of surface treatment.

The influence of the shape of the discharge power signal on the kinetics of the nitriding process and its results opens up wide opportunities for studying the process itself. The presence of surges at the beginning and at the end of the cycles can, in principle, significantly affect both the nature of the nitriding process itself and the structure and phase composition of the modified surface layer, since short-term and sufficiently powerful voltage surges should lead to intensive surface sputtering. The destruction of the monolayer of nitrides, which has just formed on the surface, will contribute to the increase of the depth of the nitrided layer due to the diffusion of nitrogen particles, as well as to a certain extent leveling off the blocking effect of the surface nitride layers.


Stechyshina N.M. Corrosion-mechanical wear resistance of food production equipment parts: monograph / N.M. Stechyshina, M.S. Stechyshyn, N.S. Mashovets – Khmnelnytskyi: KhNU, 2022.-181p.

Shepherd I.M. Theory and practice of hydrogen-free nitriding in a glow discharge. Kharkov: National Scientific Center "Kharkov Physical and Technical Institute", 2006. - 364p.

Caplun V.G. Ionic nitriding in hydrogen-free environments: monograph / V.G. Kaplun, P.V. Capon. – Khmelnytskyi: KhNU, 2015.–315p.

Pastor I. M.,Vacuum-diffusion treatment of the surface of metals with the use of glow and arc discharges in gases / I. M. Pastukh, A. A. Andreev, V. M. Shulaev // New thermal processes. Library OTTOM. - Kharkiv, NNC Khfty. – 2004. – P. 5 - 57.

Shepherd I. M.Modification of metals with the application of nitriding in the glow discharge: state and prospects / I. M. Pastukh // Problems of tribology. - Khmelnytskyi, 2004. - No. 3 - 4. -S. 42 - 55.

Vacuum - arc devices and coatings / A. A. Andreev, L. P. Sablev, V. M. Shulaev, S. N. Grigoriev. - Kharkov: National Scientific Center "Kharkov Physical and Technical Institute", 2005. - 238 p.

Shepherd I. M.Energy analysis of nitriding models in a glow discharge / I. M. Pastukh // Bulletin of the Khmelnytskyi National University. - Khmelnytskyi, 2006. - No. 5. - P. 7 - 14.

Kwon SC,. A comparative study between pulsed and DC ion nitriding behavior in specimens with blind holes / SC Kwon,. GH Lee, M. C Yoo // 1st International conference of ion nitriding. - Cleveland, Ohio. - 1986. - P. 77 - 81.

Grun R. Industrial advances for plasma nitriding / R. Grun // 2nd International conference on ion nitriding. – Cincinnati, Ohio. - 1989. - P. 157 - 163.

Bosyakov M.N., Equipment for hardening processing of machine and tool parts by the method of ion nitriding in the plasma of a pulsating current / M.N.Bosyakov, D.V. Zhuk, P.A. Matusevych // Col. acc. International conf. "Equipment and technologies of heat treatment of metals and alloys in mechanical engineering (OTTOM - 4)". - Part 2. - Kharkov: National Scientific Center "Kharkov Physics and Technology Institute". - 2003. - P. 271 - 276.

Pastukh I. M. Fiziko - technical treatment of the surface of metals by anhydrous nitriding in a glow discharge: Diss. dr. technical Sciences: 05.03.07./ I. M. Pastukh – Khmelnytskyi, 2008. – 520 p.

Dressler S. Plasma parameter control for industrial situations / S. Dressler // 2nd International conference on ion nitriding. – Cincinnati, Ohio. - 1989. - P. 183 - 193.

V.S. Kurskoi, V.V. Lyukhovets, O.S. Zdybel Hardware implementation of power supply of cyclically switched discharge in nitriding installations. // Bulletin of the Khmelnytskyi National University. Technical sciences. – 2017. – No. 3. – P. 27–31.




How to Cite

Stechyshyn, M., Dykha, O., Oleksandrenko, V., & Stechyshyna, N. (2023). Nitriding in a cyclically switched glow discharge. Problems of Tribology, 28(2/108), 20–27.




Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 > >>