Increasing the Wear Resistance of Restored Car Parts by Using Electrospark Coatings
Keywords:wear resistance, electrospark coatings, restoration, car parts, nanomaterials
The work scientifically substantiates the application of effective technology for the restoration of worn car parts by applying new electrospark coatings based on electroerosion nanomaterials. The developed technology is characterized by technological flexibility, cheapness, simplicity, does not require the use of expensive and scarce materials and equipment, and also meets the requirements of environmental safety. The proposed technology can be used to restore a wide range of parts for cars, tractors and other machines. Experimentally established dependences of the effect of the properties of electroerosive materials on the properties of electrospark coatings of restored car parts. It is shown that the content of nano-sized particles in the electrode material contributes to the improvement of the physical and mechanical properties of electrospark coatings. The dependences of the influence of the properties of electrospark coatings on the resource of restored car parts were experimentally established. It is shown that the resource of the shafts of turbocompressors restored according to the recommended technology is higher than the resource of new shafts by an average of 1.5 times. Experimentally established rational modes of applying wear-resistant coatings to worn shafts of turbocompressors, which provide the necessary complex of physical and mechanical properties of the coating and the given resource of the shafts as a whole (rotation frequency of the part, min - 1 - 50; electrode feed, mm/min - 0.4 ... 0.5). The characteristics of wear resistance of electrospark coatings of turbocompressor shafts, obtained using electroerosion nanomaterials, were studied. It is shown that the average value of the coefficient of friction of the electrospark coating was 0.146 instead of 0.486 without coating, which is 3.3 times lower. According to the results of production tests, it was found that the duration of operation of the turbocharger, with the restored method of electrospark treatment with a nanostructured electrode shaft, increased by 2.1 times compared to a new industrially manufactured shaft. Thus, when abrasive material containing a fraction of 0.1...0.4 mm was introduced, the operating time of the turbocompressor with a restored shaft was 12.8 hours, and the operating time of the turbocompressor with a new shaft without wear of the nominal size was 8.1 hours.
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