Use of structural anomalies in steel gas-thermal coatings during increased wear-out


  • V. Lopata E.O. Paton Electric Welding Institute of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
  • M. Chernovol Central Ukrainian National Technical University
  • E. Solovuch Central Ukrainian National Technical University
  • O. Dudan Polotsk state university, Novopolotsk



electric arc spraying, gas flame spraying, wear resistance, residual austenite, resurfacing, gas thermal coating


The structure of gas-thermal coatings made of wire materials has been studied by determining the most efficient methods of controlling the process of structure formation to achieve the highest physical and mechanical properties of renewable surfaces of vehicle parts.

The effect of formation of anomaly amount of residual austenite in sprayed steel coatings was established. Technologies of application of the “austenitic effect” is suggested here to increase a coating wear-resistance.  It is determined that the main factors influencing the content of residual austenite in hardened steel are the cooling rate of steel, the concentration of alloying elements in the austenitic phase, as well as thermal stabilization of austenite during self-tempering.

It is shown that to ensure the formation in the structure of sprayed coatings of alloy structural, tool and corrosion-resistant steels of metastable austenite, which has a low flow temperature of deformation gamma-alpha transformation, which corresponds to the operating temperatures of sliding friction units, it is necessary to achieve certain coating conditions. wire spraying, cooling rate of molten particles and the degree of their oxidation). One of the most probable reasons for the appearance of the "austenitic effect" in coatings is the heating of the surface layer to a temperature that promotes thermal stabilization of austenite, as well as saturation of melt droplets with alloying elements (primarily chromium) and impurities (carbon, nitrogen) in flames. The relatively low flight speed of molten steel particles and the high concentration of propane containing carbon in the combustion products contribute to the deep saturation of the melt droplets with carbon. It is likely that these circumstances are associated with a high content of residual austenite in the coatings obtained by gas-flame spraying. An additional factor that increases the resistance of austenite in the sprayed coating may be the saturation of the droplets of the melt with carbon during melting and spraying using a propane flame.

The studies under discussion have suggested that both for the method of gas-flame spraying and for the method of electric arc spraying, there are modes and steels for spraying that allow the formation of large amounts of metastable austenite in coatings, which in the process of tribocoupling will turn into martensite.On the basis of the carried-out researches technologies of restoration of details of vehicles by drawing multipurpose coverings in which the choice of a method of heating of a wire at spraying is carried out depending on temperature of the beginning of martensitic transformation of a wire material are offered.


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How to Cite

Lopata, V., Chernovol, M., Solovuch, E., & Dudan, O. (2021). Use of structural anomalies in steel gas-thermal coatings during increased wear-out. Problems of Tribology, 26(4/102), 61–67.