Features of ion nitriding technology multicriteria optimization
Keywords:ion nitriding, optimization, wear intensity, friction coefficient, processing modes, operational factors
In this work, the technology of 30HGSA steel ion nitriding was optimized in terms of tribotechnical characteristics – wear intensity and friction coefficient. When choosing controlled factors, the influence of all existing groups of factors that can affect the process of ion nitriding is taken into account: structural, technological and operational. Friction and wear tests were carried out under conditions that are as close as possible to the actual operating conditions of aircraft parts made of 30HGSA steel. As a result of experiments on friction and wear, tribotechnical characteristics of coatings were obtained depending on structural, technological and operational factors, respectively, to the matrix. The conducted studies showed the presence of three clearly defined zones in the dependences of wear intensity and friction coefficient on specific load at different sliding speeds and technological parameters of ion nitriding: run-in zones, uniform and catastrophic wear. The nature of samples dependences hardened by ion nitriding and heat-treated samples is similar and coincides with modern views on the laws of friction and wear processes. Analysis of tribotechnical characteristics showed the effectiveness of ion nitriding technology in comparison with traditional heat treatment. The optimal processing modes for the studied steel and triboconjugation have been established
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